(Phys.org) —Two researchers from Arizona State University have found that male chameleons use their color changing abilities for far more than hiding from predators. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Biology Letters, Russell Ligon and Kevin McGraw describe a study they conducted with captive chameleons that showed that male veiled chameleons use their colors to intimidate other males and that head coloring can predict who might win in a scuffle. Veiled chameleons (Chameleon calyptratus) are native to the Arabian Peninsula — specifically Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Credit: Russell Ligon Explore further When male chameleons challenge each other for territory or a female, their coloring becomes brighter and more intense. During a contest, the lizards show bright yellows, oranges, greens and turquoises. Credit: Russell Ligon Citation: Study shows male chameleons fighting prowess tied to color changing abilities (2013, December 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-male-chameleons-prowess-tied-abilities.html More information: Chameleons communicate with complex colour changes during contests: different body regions convey different information, Published 11 December 2013 DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2013.0892AbstractMany animals display static coloration (e.g. of feathers or fur) that can serve as a reliable sexual or social signal, but the communication function of rapidly changing colours (as in chameleons and cephalopods) is poorly understood. We used recently developed photographic and mathematical modelling tools to examine how rapid colour changes of veiled chameleons Chamaeleo calyptratus predict aggressive behaviour during male–male competitions. Males that achieved brighter stripe coloration were more likely to approach their opponent, and those that attained brighter head coloration were more likely to win fights; speed of head colour change was also an important predictor of contest outcome. This correlative study represents the first quantification of rapid colour change using organism-specific visual models and provides evidence that the rate of colour change, in addition to maximum display coloration, can be an important component of communication. Interestingly, the body and head locations of the relevant colour signals map onto the behavioural displays given during specific contest stages, with lateral displays from a distance followed by directed, head-on approaches prior to combat, suggesting that different colour change signals may evolve to communicate different information (motivation and fighting ability, respectively).Press release The researchers can’t explain why better or faster head coloring makes for better fighters, but suggest it might indicate higher hormone levels, or perhaps be a simple indicator of a stronger or healthier chameleon. Conspicuous social signaling drives the evolution of chameleon color change Humans have known about chameleon color changing abilities (to help them hide) for perhaps thousands of years, even evoking their name to describe other people who change something about themselves for added gain. Now, it appears that the researchers in this latest effort have found that at least one type of chameleon changes it’s coloring as a means of indicating its willingness to fight other males.In the study, the researchers collected 10 male veiled chameleons and set them up in paired physical contests to determine which attributes made for winners or losers. To get a better look, each contest was filmed with a high speed camera. Contests generally constituted mostly pushing and shoving with some biting. In reviewing the film, the researchers found that when two males spied one another, they turned their bodies sideways to one another—the better to display body coloring abilities. At this point, many of the males chose to walk away rather than fight. The researchers noted this was most likely to occur by a male that had less vivid coloring. Thus, being outclassed on coloring abilities appeared to be a way for chameleons to ward off unnecessary battles.The researchers also found that the degree and brightness of head coloring appeared to be a factor for predicting which chameleon would win a battle (which meant the loser giving up and walking away). The brighter the head, the more likely a male was to win. It also appeared that the speed at which a male could change color was also a predictor—faster changeovers meant a male was more likely to win. ASU researchers have discovered that color changes in chameleons convey different types of information during important social interactions. The lizards’ body stripes and head colorings are particularly important during contests over territory and females. Credit: Russell Ligon © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. 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More information: Banwell, A. F., D. R. MacAyeal, and O. V. Sergienko (2013), Breakup of the Larsen B Ice Shelf triggered by chain reaction drainage of supraglacial lakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 5872–5876, DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057694AbstractThe explosive disintegration of the Larsen B Ice Shelf poses two unresolved questions: What process (1) set a horizontal fracture spacing sufficiently small to predispose the subsequent ice shelf fragments to capsize and (2) synchronized the widespread drainage of >2750 supraglacial meltwater lakes observed in the days prior to break up? We answer both questions through analysis of the ice shelf’s elastic flexure response to the supraglacial lakes on the ice shelf prior to break up. By expanding the previously articulated role of lakes beyond mere water reservoirs supporting hydrofracture, we show that lake-induced flexural stresses produce a fracture network with appropriate horizontal spacing to induce capsize-driven breakup. The analysis of flexural stresses suggests that drainage of a single lake can cause neighboring lakes to drain, which, in turn, causes farther removed lakes to drain. Such self-stimulating behavior can account for the sudden, widespread appearance of a fracture system capable of driving explosive break up. © 2014 Phys.org Clear view of the Antarctic Peninsula, the Larsen Ice Shelf, and the sea ice covered waters around the region. Credit: NASA When Antarctica’s Larsen B Ice Shelf (once roughly the size of Rhode Island) suddenly collapsed twelve years ago (over a two week period) many blamed global warming—prior to the collapse scientists had observed large stretches of surface water on the shelf, the result of warmer air—it was suggested that the surface water made its way down into crevices causing the shelf to break apart due to pressure from within. In this new effort, the researchers don’t refute the claims of the ultimate cause of the collapse, i.e. global warming, but they do suggest it was a much more complicated process than most have assumed.To gain a better understanding of what might have occurred, the researchers built a computer simulation to emulate the conditions that existed prior to the shelf collapsing. By adjusting multiple variables, the researchers say that it became clear that rather than surface water causing the collapse, it was more likely due to the sudden drainage of just a single lake. When that one lake drained, it caused other lakes nearby to drain, leading to a cascading event that resulted in virtually all of the lakes on the ice shelf draining in a very short period of time. The draining of the lakes led to chaotic stresses all across the shelf causing it to crumble and fall apart. Their theory is bolstered, the team says, by satellite observations just prior to the breakup that showed empty lakes all across the ice shelf.The researchers are unable to explain why the first lake drained, though they suggest it might have been due to a process many years in the making, brought on by global warming. Warmer water under the shelf, for example, may have weekend its structure and perhaps eventually caused a hole to develop in the ice beneath one of the deeper lakes, allowing the lake water to seep through. Lakes discovered beneath Greenland ice sheet This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Geophysical Research Letters Explore further Citation: Research trio offer new explanation for breakup of Larsen B Ice Shelf (2014, January 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-01-trio-explanation-breakup-larsen-ice.html (Phys.org) —A trio of researchers (two from the University of Chicago, the other from Princeton) has proposed a new theory to explain the sudden breakup of the Larsen B Ice Shelf in 2002. In their paper published in Geophysical Research Letters, Alison Banwell, Douglas MacAyeal and Olga Sergienko suggest that the breakup came about due to the sudden drainage of one surface lake causing others to drain leading to a chain reaction that ultimately led to the entire ice shelf being torn apart.
(Phys.org)—As long as the temperature is above absolute zero, gas molecules are always in constant random motion. They may diffuse—or spread out—through three-dimensional space or, in a process called “surface diffusion,” along the two-dimensional surface of a solid. The most well-known mechanism to explain surface diffusion is a classical mechanism called thermal hopping, in which gas molecules jump from one adsorption site (the place where the gas molecules attach to the surface) to another at a temperature-dependent rate. So far, thermal hopping is the only mechanism known to explain the surface diffusion of hydrogen atoms on the surface of ice. Now in a new study, scientists from Hokkaido University in Japan have reported the first evidence of quantum tunneling as a mechanism for the surface diffusion of hydrogen atoms on the surface of ice, although quantum tunneling has previously been observed for hydrogen atoms on the surface of some metals. In quantum tunneling, the hydrogen atoms can move through barriers that they otherwise could not pass through using only classical mechanisms, such as thermal hopping. “This is the first observation of hydrogen-atom tunneling diffusion on an ice surface,” coauthor Naoki Watanabe, Professor at Hokkaido University, told Phys.org.The new finding means that surface diffusion in this situation may work differently than previously thought. This may have implications for understanding the formation of H2 molecules in interstellar clouds, as the same hydrogen-on-ice surface diffusion process occurs on the surface of cosmic ice just before two hydrogen atoms combine to form an H2 molecule.Since quantum tunneling cannot be observed directly, the scientists had to detect its presence using a creative approach and some high-tech, laser-based analytical tools. In the previous studies on metal surfaces, quantum-tunneling diffusion was detected by taking advantage of the fact that, unlike thermal hopping, quantum tunneling is temperature-independent. Unfortunately, in the ice regime that the scientists investigated here, the temperatures are so low (below 20 K) that the temperature window in which diffusion occurs is too narrow to measure temperature dependence.Instead, the scientists took advantage of an isotope effect. Based on previous experimental data and calculations on thermal hopping and the kinetic energies of gases, the scientists predicted that, at 10 K, hydrogen atoms (which have one proton and one electron) should diffuse at a rate that is 4.5 times faster than that of deuterium atoms (which have one proton, one electron, and one neutron). If the rate difference between the two isotopes were to significantly differ from 4.5 in experiments on ice, then the difference could not be explained by thermal hopping, and would be clear evidence of quantum-tunneling diffusion. Macroscopic quantum phenomena discovered in ice © 2015 Phys.org Explore further As it turned out, the new experimental results showed that, at 10 K, hydrogen atoms diffuse 100 times faster than deuterium ions on a highly ordered type of ice called polycrystalline ice. The researchers concluded that this larger-than-expected kinetic isotope effect can only be explained by quantum tunneling. The researchers also found that, on a less-ordered type of ice called amorphous solid water, the rate difference is about 16, which is only somewhat higher than expected. The scientists believe that this small increase suggests that quantum tunneling may play a role in the surface diffusion on this type of ice, but thermal hopping is likely still the dominant mechanism. The reason why quantum tunneling may be suppressed on amorphous solid water may have to do with its nonperiodic structure, whereas polycrystalline ice has a periodic structure. Another interesting part of the study is the way that the researchers determined the rates—not by direct measurement, but by using two laser techniques called photostimulated desorption (PSD) and resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI). The PSD laser beam first desorbs/detaches the adsorbed gas atoms on the ice surface, and then the REMPI laser ionizes the desorbed atoms. The researchers then measured the ion intensities, which are proportional to the number of desorbed atoms. By comparing the ion intensities of the desorbed hydrogen and deuterium atoms, the scientists could determine the ratio of their concentrations, which in turn could be used to find the ratio of their diffusion rates. As the scientists explained, the results could lead to a better understanding of the astrochemical H2 formation process, and they plan to pursue this area more in the future.”The diffusion mechanism—whether tunneling or thermal hopping—strongly depends on the morphology of the ice surface,” Watanabe said. “Cosmic ice has various ranges of morphology. This work demonstrates how H atoms on cosmic ice diffuse toward H2 formation. The H atoms alternate between tunneling diffusion and thermal hopping until encountering a reaction partner of another H atom. In the future, we would like to continue with similar experiments on heavier atoms such as oxygen and radicals, which also exist on cosmic ice and contribute to the formation of molecules on the cosmic ice.” Illustration of surface diffusion of atoms, with the blue arrows showing quantum-tunneling diffusion (through classical barriers) and the black arrow showing thermal hopping. The figure shows how the diffusion mechanisms differ for (a) low atomic flux (dominated by thermal hopping) and (b) high atomic flux (dominated by quantum tunneling). Credit: Kuwahata, et al. ©2015 American Physical Society Larger-than-expected isotope effect: The PSD-REMPI ion intensities of the deuterium atoms are approximately twice as strong as those of the hydrogen atoms for (a) amorphous solid water and (b) polycrystalline ice at low atomic fluxes. However, the D/H ratio increases with increasing atomic flux by a small amount for (c) amorphous solid water and a larger amount for (d) polycrystalline ice. This large difference in (d) indicates that hydrogen atoms diffuse much faster than deuterium atoms, strongly suggesting that surface diffusion occurs due to quantum tunneling in this ice at higher fluxes. Credit: Kuwahata, et al. ©2015 American Physical Society More information: K. Kuwahata, et al. “Signatures of Quantum-Tunneling Diffusion of Hydrogen Atoms on Water Ice at 10 K.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.133201 Citation: First observation made of quantum-tunneling diffusion of hydrogen atoms on ice (2015, October 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-10-quantum-tunneling-diffusion-hydrogen-atoms-ice.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Physical Review Letters
These conflicting findings suggest that while fWHR mayinfluence how we evaluate those we don’t know well, these effects may recedeonce we have the opportunity to work together more closely, the authors write. Thisbias in perception may be due to an “evolutionary mismatch,” they continued. Previous research on facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) hasbeen mixed: while someresearchers have found evidence of a link between greater width andactual or perceived antisocial tendencies in men, others have not. In onestudy, for example, a team led by Dawei Wang of Northwestern University’s KelloggSchool of Management surveyed 1,179executives – as well as a peer, subordinate, and supervisor for eachparticipant – on their behavior in the workplace. Using headshots to calculatethe fWHR of each individual, Wang and colleagues found no significantrelationship between individuals’ facial width and other traits, such asperceived warmth, cynicism, or morality. Our evolutionary past can color our perceptual present, andour professional interactions, in other ways as well, influencing ouropportunities for promotion and other leadership roles in the workplace. In a series of five studies of 1,517 participants, theresearchers found that participants perceived individuals who had beenphotographed with their head tilted downward rather than facing forward to be more“likely to be a leader because he/she is willing to use aggression andintimidation to get his/her way”. Your eyebrows, according to research by Zachary Witkower(University of British Columbia) and APS Fellow Jessica L. Tracy (University ofBritish Columbia), may also influence theway you are perceived as a professional. Witkower, Z., & Tracy, J. L. (2019). A facial-actionimposter: How head tilt influences perceptions of dominance from a neutral face. Psychological Science, 30(6),893–906. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797619838762 In other words, in the conference room, as in life, evensaying nothing often says something – and, like it or not, your face is likelydoing some of the talking for you. But while 190 online participants rated individuals whotilted their heads as better leadership material, that effect vanish when theresearchers digitally altered the images to remove their eyebrows entirely. Infact, the precise angle created by the individuals’ eyebrows was found to bepredictive of perceived dominance. Kosinski, M. (2017). Facial width-to-height ratio does notpredict self-reported behavioral tendencies. Psychological Science, 28(11), 1675–1682. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797617716929 Tilting the head forward creates a “V” shape with theeyebrows, a facial action unit perceived as high ranking, physically strong,and threatening, even when an individual has an otherwise neutral expression,the researchers explained. Belinda M. Craig of Curtin University and the University of New England recently demonstrated this in a study in which participants categorized the emotional displays of pictures of both bearded and clean-shaven men. Across a series of experiments, Craig and colleagues found that participants were faster to recognize anger on bearded faces, and slower to recognize happiness or sadness on those faces. Participants also rated bearded faces, particularly those displaying anger, as more aggressive than clean-shaven faces, while rating happy bearded faces as more friendly and helpful. References “The modern world differs in important ways from the violentancestral environments in which human psychological mechanisms developed,” theauthors explained. “Social judgments formed on the basis of fWHR, which mayhave been adaptive in the evolutionary past, may no longer be accurate.” Wang, D., Nair, K., Kouchaki, M., Zajac, E. J., & Zhao,X. (2019). A case of evolutionary mismatch? Why facial width-to-height ratiomay not predict behavioral tendencies. PsychologicalScience. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797619849928 Lin, C., Adolphs, R., & Alvarez, R. M. (2018). Inferringwhether officials are corruptible from looking at their faces. Psychological Science, 29(11),1807–1823. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797618788882 “Head movement alters the appearance of the facesystematically by creating the illusion of facial-activity,” the authors continued.“Supposedly neutral faces may be less inexpressive than they are often assumedto be.” A smile can make all the difference in professionalinteractions, but your canines may not be the only facial feature that could beimpacting your career. A range of research published in Psychological Science suggests that the width of your face, thetilt of your head, and — in males — the hair on your face all hold thepotential to project a more intimidating professional presence. Craig, B. M., Nelson, N. L., & Dixson, B. J. W. (2019).Sexual selection, agonistic signaling, and the effect of beards on recognitionof men’s anger displays. PsychologicalScience, 30(5), 728–738. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797619834876 It’s possible that the perceived formidability of beardedmales may have helped individuals avoid conflict in the past, increasing theirsocial status and access to mates, the authors continued. But while beardednessmay continue to offer advantages in certain personal and professional arenas,previous research also suggests that voters may judge political candidates withfacial hair as more violent, misogynistic, and corrupt. These findings suggest that beards may facilitate therecognition of anger by accentuating the prominence and angularity of the jawline, and may stifle the perception of sadness by obscuring the drooping of thelips and chin, the authors write.
If diamonds are a girl’s best friend, then luxury brands are surely their best acquaintances. The obsession with brands is common to women and men world over. The word ‘brand’ is synonymous with a marquee, which indicates a certain product identity that is well known. A product that is recognised is casually referred to as a brand. Among brands, however, there are categories starting from everyday use products like toilet soap to luxury brands like high-end cars. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Brands may be around us, but often we take them for granted unless of course we have forked out a lot of money to buy a branded product. For example, if we see a luxury car, the first thing that crosses our mind is how much it costs or how expensive it is to maintain. Thus, it is human nature to notice a br and that is associated with an expensive product. This phenomenon is what has propelled the huge demand for luxury brands. Be it an expensive suit or an expensive handbag — the primary object is to flaunt it so that our friends, acquaintances or even passersby notice. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixOther than a few people I know, most people possess luxury brands that act as an extension of their flamboyant personality. On a derogatory note, such people are called ‘brand wh***s’ as they commonly switch luxury brands just to show off. However, this may be a matter personal choice even if it is considered a vulgar show of money.As the craze for expensive branded product increased over the years, people who could not afford too have begun to aspire for brands. This is something that has been identified by many luxury brand makers. Luxury car makers the world over have diversified into the budget segment to boost their sales. Unlike the 1960s and 70s, when luxury brands were the privy of the super rich, today’s luxury product makers have a wide range of products under the same brand name. This makes it easy for even someone from the upper middle class to buy into a luxury brand. This would have probably been an unfinished dream for his father. Thus today’s generations have it a lot easier than their predecessors thanks to recession-driven economies. As luxury brands are more easily available, their market penetration has increased significantly. Thus brands have come a long way ……Salloli Kumar has been a regular on the page 3 circuit for nearly a decade.
Delhi Photography Club presents their fourth edition of Nicefoto exhibition. As the club explains, this is a one of its kind exhibition for celebrating amateur photography across the world. Nicefoto 2014 will feature photos from over 135 enthusiasts aged between seven years and 67 years from India and around the world. Enthusiasts from as far as China, Netherlands, Australia, Italy, England, Germany, France, Spain, Singapore, USA and Dubai too have sent in their photographs. Delhi Photography Club was setup with the intent of taking photography homes. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The purpose of the DPC is to stimulate, enable, and nurture a fraternity of photography enthusiasts for mutual benefit. Due to fast changing internet and mobile devices space, many more people are consuming photos. They want people to store their memories more beautifully. The club is perhaps the first initiative of this kind in the entire country. To offer situations to practice photography, they do free photo walks every month. For learning the technique, we have workshops for various levels (beginner and intermediate), for motivation, they offer memberships and finally for platform, we have these exhibitions. The club also helps the undeserved children to express themselves creatively through its outreach activities. As a club, we have brought together businessmen, diplomats, doctors, lawyers, homemakers, students and children and helped them in their creative expression using a camera.
Noting that there are several similarities between Varanasi and Kyoto, deputy mayor of the Japanese city Kenichi Ogasawara on Thursday said his country’s government and industries will fully cooperate in the modernisation of the holy city.The Japanese deputy mayor, who reached here on Thursday, held an open meeting with district municipal corporation officials, local MLAs and local corporators to discuss plans for development of the temple town on the lines of Kyoto. Ogasawara’s visit comes in the wake of a Sister City Partnership Agreement signed between Kyoto and Varanasi during prime minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to Japan.Ogasawara said in a deal between any two cities, works are mostly carried out by Japan’s private industries, but here the Kyoto-Varanasi agreement was signed in front of Indian PM Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe.
Jaljeera, a refreshing and natural drink, can help to fight intestinal gas and poor digestion, says an expert.Rahul Jain,
Real Madrid and Manchester City qualified for the Champions League knock-out rounds with victories over Paris Saint-Germain and Sevilla respectively.And there was relief at Old Trafford as Manchester United ended a 400-minute wait for a goal to beat CSKA Moscow 1-0 on Tuesday.A fortuitous goal from Nacho proved decisive for 10-time champions Real to win 1-0 despite being outplayed for the majority of the first half of their Group A game at the Santiago Bernabeu. Also Read – A league of his own!PSG were on top throughout the first period with Zlatan Ibrahimovic curling a shot from the left just wide of the far post and Edinson Cavani’s stabbed dink over goalkeeper Keylor Navas cleared off the line by a defender.But the closest they came was Adrien Rabiot’s volley cannoning back off the foot of the post.And when Toni Kroos let fly from distance just after the half hour, the ball spooned up off Thiago Silva and fell to Nacho, who had only come on for injured left-back Marcelo two minutes earlier, inside the area. Also Read – Domingo named new Bangladesh cricket coachPSG goalkeeper Kevin Trapp initially came for the looping ball but as he backtracked from no-man’s land, Nacho’s casual side-foot spun wickedly on the bounce and dropped inside the far post.Little happened in the second half but Angel Di Maria did hit the bar late on with a free-kick, although the French champions couldn’t find the goal their play deserved.Real qualified from Group A thanks to Shakhtar Donetsk romping to a 4-0 win over Malmo, a result which means a win for PSG in either of their last two matches will ensure they join Real in the last 16. City banished memories of their recent Champions League struggles as a confident 3-1 win in Seville qualified them for the last 16 with two games to spare in Group D.Borussia Moenchengladbach’s failure to beat Juventus in Germany, where the sides played out a 1-1 draw, meant City, who now top the group, have made it to the knock-out stages for only the third time.Raheem Sterling set them on their way with a goal after eight minutes while Fernandinho doubled the advantage three minutes later. Frenchman Benoit Tremoulinas gave the Spanish hosts hope but Wilfried Bony’s crisp low finish nine minutes from the break effectively killed the contest, giving City a third straight Group D victory since losing 2-1 at home to Juve in their opening game.In Germany Fabian Johnson gave Borussia the lead on 18 minutes but Stephan Lichtsteiner marked his return from minor heart surgery with the equaliser a minute before the break to restore parity.Juve held on for the final 35 minutes with 10 men after Hernanes was dismissed for a late tackle on Alvaro Dominguez, meaning the Italians need only two more points to go through.City’s neighbours United laboured for long periods despite near total domination against CSKA at Old Trafford before a late Wayne Rooney header snatched a 1-0 win that puts the Red Devils in control of Group B.PSV Eindhoven’s 2-0 win at home to Wolfsburg means United lead those two by a point but a victory over the Dutch outfit at Old Trafford in three weeks time will book the three-time winners’ place in the last 16.United came into the game on the back of three successive 0-0 draws with manager Louis van Gaal’s tactics increasingly coming in for criticism.Urged on by their fans to “attack, attack, attack”, United buzzed around their opponents from the off and enjoyed 70 percent possession but were often let down by their final ball or a poor finish.Just before Rooney scored, goalkeeper David De Gea, a virtual spectator throughout, had to come to his side’s rescue after Ahmed Musa’s perfectly weighted ball sent Seydou Doumbia racing clear.De Gea made a brilliant one-handed save to deny the Ivory Coast forward before the back-tracking Chris Smalling slid in to crucially clear the follow-up off the line.
Kolkata: Following Thursday’s reshuffle order of seven IPS officers, another order bearing reshuffle notice of six IPS officers was published on Friday. In Friday’s order, the earlier posting of Kunal Aggarwal as Special Superintendent (SS), CID Headquarters at Durgapur, was cancelled. On cancellation of his earlier order, Aggarwal has been posted as SS, CID, West Bengal.In Friday’s order, Superintendent of Police (SP), Jhargram, Rathod Amit Kumar Bharat has been posted as Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), Zone I (North) in the Howrah Police Commissionerate. The SP of Baruipur Police District, Arijit Sinha, has been made the new SP of Jhargram. The DCP (headquarters) of Howrah Police Commissionerate Ranendranath Banerjee has been posted as DCP, Zone I, Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate, whereas Sukhendu Hira from Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate has been posted as DCP (Headquarters) of Howrah Police Commissionerate. Apart from these, DCP (Headquarters) II of Kolkata Police, Ajay Prasad, has been posted as SP, Baruipur Police District.
Kolkata: Abhijit Roy (44), who had his rib fractured during a stampede that took place on the foot over-bridge at Santragachhi in October, has been given a new lease of life by SSKM Hospital where he was undergoing treatment for nearly a month.The family members of Roy almost gave up hope of his improvement after his ribs broke into 30 pieces. It was the relentless efforts of the doctors at SSKM that made it possible. Roy was released from the hospital on Tuesday. The victim was initially rushed to Howrah State General Hospital after the incident. He was later shifted to SSKM Hospital. The patient was kept in the ITU of the hospital. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeA senior official of SSKM Hospital said the condition of the patient has improved. The victim would take around 5-6 months to lead a normal life. The patient has been advised not to undertake heavy work and lift any substance. The official also said the victim had blood clots around his chest. His lung was affected during the accident. As a result the victim had tremendous respiratory distress after the incident took place. There were some infections in his lungs after it was badly damaged in the accident. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe patient was in trauma when he was brought to SSKM Hospital. According to the hospital sources, the patient is yet to recover the shock he had gone through. While being released from the hospital, the patient was advised to visit the hospital for check up from time to time. There is nothing to worry as he has recovered well. The patient has also been asked to follow some restrictions. The patient is walking normally and taking normal food. He is not physically fit completely, the official said. The family members of the victim expressed their gratitude towards the doctors of SSKM Hospital, who according to them have done a commendable job. The victim was returning home when the incident occurred. Two persons were killed and many others were injured when the stampede took place on the foot over-bridge at Santragachhi railway station.
Adding new strength to Khadi India’s fashion power-house, Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail Ltd. (ABFRL) and Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Ministry of MSME, Government of India announced a strategic collaboration to strengthen the synergies between the two iconic Indian brands. This initiative is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision of promoting ‘Khadi for Fashion’ and hand-woven fabric. The agreement document was exchanged between CEO, KVIC, Anshu Sinha and Ashish Dikshit, Business Head, Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail Ltd. in the august presence of Vinai Kumar Saxena, Chairman KVIC, and other dignitaries. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAs a part of this strategic partnership, Peter England, leading menswear brand from the fashion brands portfolio of Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail will be among the leading brands to develop an exclusive product line branded as ‘Khadi by Peter England’.Speaking on this partnership, KVIC Chairman V K Saxena said, “Khadi, the heritage fabric of India which was discovered and promoted by none other than Mahatma Gandhi, has grown with the passage of time and has come to become a major job provider in rural areas at a very low-cost capital investment. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given a major boost to Khadi Programme by regularly appealing to the countrymen to buy Khadi and support rural artisans. This has created a great demand for Khadi and I am happy to inform that the Khadi and Village Industries sale has crossed Rs 50,000 Crore mark during 2016-17. The KVIC – Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail Ltd. convergence is a major initiative to bring Khadi into the branded garments market in a big way with better designs, colors, and style to cater to the youth segment and the high-end market. This convergence will provide around 2 lakhs man hours to the Khadi artisans and will definitely bring in much needed professional input in Khadi readymades.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveCommenting on the collaboration, Ashish Dikshit, Business Head, Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail said, “Our partnership with Khadi & Village Industries Commission is a testimony of our commitment towards innovative and sustainable fashion. Reckoned as ‘Fabric of the Nation’, Khadi is a symbol of self-sufficiency, a versatile fabric that is trendy, with high-fashion appeal in its pure, rustic form. Authentic, Indian products resonate strongly with the Indian consumers and there is an increasing demand for hand-made fabric, that stays true to its roots and exudes simplicity and vogue at the same time. Through our partnership with KVIC, we aim to bring the rich Indian heritage of hand-woven fabric closer to our discerning consumers.” Elaborating on this strategic initiative, Anshu Sinha, CEO, KVIC said “KVIC has been taking many new marketing initiatives to promote Khadi and village industries products. Bulk orders has been received from corporates, PSUs and govt departments like ONGC, Air India, Ministry of Health, J K Cement etc. to develop the market for Khadi and also provide professional expertise in area of designing product development etc. This convergence will be a win-win proposition for both the organizations and will bring in sustainable employment to Khadi artisans.” This initiative is conceptualized under KVIC Act that permits it to promote the sale and marketing of Khadi or products of Village industries or handicrafts and forge links with established marketing agencies through the PPP mode. Under this convergence, Peter England has agreed for a guaranteed minimum procurement of Khadi and its products for a period of 5 years with primary purchases of muslin cotton and silk. This partnership will not only provide an assured market to Khadi artisans and institutions but will also give the opportunity to upgrade the skill and designs of fabric and garments and also create sustainable employment opportunities in rural areas through Khadi. ‘Khadi by Peter England’, a mélange of Indian ethos and latest trends is sure to position Khadi as a fashion fabric. As a part of this strategic association, Peter England will also bring in design interventions at Khadi manufacturing clusters across the country along with providing technical expertise. Additionally, Peter England will procure all India Khadi varieties from departmental sales outlets of KVIC for OTC sales as well as crafting garments for its apparel brands. Additionally, Khadi Logo will be displayed across Peter England stores through visual merchandising, where Khadi products are displayed. Khadi by Peter England will be available at Peter England stores across the country, KVIC outlets and leading e-commerce portals.
Kolkata: The Panchayat and Rural Development department is playing a major role in the ‘Jal Dharo Jal Bharo’ programme and has dug up 8,327 tanks so far.The state government has so far dug up 37,146 tanks during 2017-18. The project was taken up by the state government in 2011. The main thrust of the project was preservation of water. Under the project tanks, ponds, reservoirs and canals were constructed. Those who are working to dig up the canals are getting jobs under the 100 days work programme of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) scheme. In 2018-19, around 3,370 tanks will be dug up under various schemes. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe ‘Jal Dharo Jal Bharo’ programme has helped the rural populace enormously. The tanks and waterbodies can be used for fish farming and animal farming. So far, 74,606 hectares of land have been brought under irrigation, with the help of 2,305 minor irrigation projects. As a result of the schemes, vast areas of Birbhum, Bankura, Purulia, Jhargram and West Midnapore have been brought under irrigation. Proper utilisation of water has helped to augment paddy cultivation and several fruit orchards have come up in these districts that are well known for being drought-prone. In these districts, 25,319 hectares of land have been brought under irrigation with the help of 786 minor irrigation projects. Several booklets have been brought out by Bankura district administration, highlighting the projects that have changed the lives of people.
Kolkata: The descendents of Rani Rashmoni will urge the Metro Railway authorities to conduct hydrographic survey of the 215-year-old building that developed cracks after tunnel boring machine started burrowing for the construction of the underground tunnel of the East-West Metro.The decision was taken following a meeting held by the descendents on Saturday morning. The construction of the affected building at 13, Rani Rashmoni Road began in 1790 and ended in 1804. The descendents felt that proper precaution should have been taken before the construction of the underground tunnel. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe house is a witness to major historical events. There are four buildings at Janbazar. Michael Madhusudan Dutt who was a barrister-at–law by profession had visited the house in connection with a law suit. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar who used to call Rani Rashmoni pishima (aunt) came to attend Durga Puja celebrations there. His presence was not liked by many guests who refused to take food with him as he was in favour of widow remarriage. Sri Ramakrishna who was close to the family particularly to Mathur Mohon Biswas, Rani’s son-in-law, came to the house during Durga Puja and worshipped goddess Durga as “sakhi.” He intervened when Mathur Mohon refused to immerse the idol. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in statePrasun Hazra, one of the descendents, said the hydrographic survey was conducted at Dakshineshwar temple at the time of repairing the embankment. The survey was conducted by the Kolkata Port Trust. He said repairing of the cracks should be carried out in an orderly manner and under proper supervision. “Repairing an old structure is not an easy thing and repairing under proper supervision is required,” he said. There are more than 50 old buildings that are over 100 years old between Esplanade and the Bank of India intersection between Amherst Street and B B Ganguly Street. Some of the century-old structures on the route are the headquarters of Kolkata Municipal Corporation, house of Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy, house of Nirmal Chunder Chunder among others. Metro Railway engineers have already inspected Rani Rashmoni’s house and assured that every precaution will be taken to safeguard the heritage structure.
Kolkata: State Irrigation minister Suvendu Adhikari will visit North Bengal on July 6 to take stock of the preparedness in preventing flood-like situation, with the onset of monsoon season.The minister said a round-the-clock control room has been set up at Jalsampad Bhavan in Salt Lake, for passing on information of excessive waterlogging. “I have already done meetings at the Kolkata zone, Western districts zone and Midnapore zone and supervised measures for tackling flood-like situation in the state. I will visit North Bengal on July 6 for the same purpose,” Adhikari said, in response to a query at the state Assembly on various projects taken up in the state to control flood. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe minister said that his department will soon start developing a sewerage system to prevent flood-like situations at Banarhat in Jalpaiguri and its adjacent areas. The tea gardens in Banarhat and its adjacent areas also bear the brunt of this. “Central government organisations like ONGC and Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Railways and Bhutan government needed to be taken into confidence for tackling the problem in the area. It took time but our department has taken everybody into confidence and work for sewerage infrastructure will start soon. We are hopeful that this problem will be resolved before the 2020 monsoon,” Adhikari said. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateFlash floods in Bhutan bring down stones from mountains located particularly in Joygaon area and this causes siltation in the rivers in Jalpaiguri almost every year during the monsoon. This results in flood-like situation in Banarhat and a number of tea gardens are also affected. Adhikari reiterated that meetings have already been held with Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) and Farakka Barrage authorities to inform the state and take its nod before releasing water from the barrages. It may be mentioned that water level in dams has been low till date, as there was 26 percent less rainfall last year in the state.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee is contemplating to introduce some alternative project for the city school students, similar to her pet scheme “Sabuj Sathi” that has earned international recognition.”Cycles are not allowed in most of the roads in Kolkata. So, I am thinking of some alternative that can be given to Kolkata’s students. I have given raincoats for the students in Darjeeling as cycles are hardly used in the Hills,” Banerjee said while addressing a programme to mark the centenary celebrations of Beltala Girls’ High School on Friday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataMore than 1 crore cycles have already been distributed since the inception of the “Sabuj Sathi” project. Environment-friendly bicycles are given to school-going students from Classes IX to XII under the project that was announced during the 2015-16 state Budget. In the month of April, the “Sabuj Sathi” project won the prestigious World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards under the United Nations. Banerjee called for a separate class in the state schools for inculcating good moral values. “Smart classrooms, computers and similar technological advancement should be embraced. But the schools should have a class where the teachers will teach good moral values like humanism and honesty to the students. This is my vision and mission. When you cultivate a land, crops are produced. Similarly, when good moral values are preached, it gets dinned into a student’s head. It helps him to think in a positive and constructive manner and frees his mind from negative or destructive instincts,” Banerjee maintained. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateShe assured of all possible assistance to the school authorities if they express eagerness to start English medium for a section of the students. “If you want to start English-medium facilities, we will provide help by all means. However, we should not neglect the Bengali language. The Bengali medium too will run side-by-side. Bengali is the fifth most spoken language in the world and the second most spoken language in Asia,” she added. Banerjee also announced a grant of Rs 1.25 crore for Beltala Girls’ High School for developing its infrastructure in various areas including laboratory, hostel, open-air theatre, a proposed museum highlighting its famous alumni etc. “In Kolkata, there is hardly any space for expansion. If you are willing I am ready to offer you land at Rajarhat. I have provided land to a few other educational institutions there,” Banerjee said. She urged Mayor-in-Council (Parks and Gardens) Debasish Kumar who was present at the event to examine the scope of any minor expansion in the existing campus of the school.
In the small industrial town of Tinsukia in Assam, a couple of decades ago, in a big joint family of around 50 people, lived a young, feisty girl. The eldest of four children, she had a happy childhood, filled with love and laughter. It was a simpler time and an easy childhood as parents, unlike those of today, did not have a lot of expectations from their children. Left to her own devices, she rode bikes with her brothers, played outdoors with 20 odd cousins every day, sat down to mass meals with them, pursued her studies, and dreamt of becoming a doctor. However, for girls those days, in a quiet little town, the only option was humanities. And then, in the first year of college, she married and moved to Kolkata. That girl is Minu Budhia. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfMinu Budhia – Psychotherapist, Counsellor, Founder of Caring Minds & ICanFlyy shared her journey of Self Discovery. Minu Budhia, a special Needs Mother shared with the audience how her younger daughter Prachi’s ADHD, low IQ, and Bipolar disorder diagnosis had initially shattered her, but ultimately set her on a path of self-discovery. Speaking of the challenges she reiterated the importance of looking beyond stereotypes, not being judgemental and asking for help when one needs it and highlighted the importance of breaking the stigma surrounding mental health with awareness and making mental healthcare easily accessible. Her passion and dream gave birth to CARING MINDS – a Psychological Wellness Centre – her 3rd baby and then ICANFLYY, an Institute for Special Needs. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveMinu Budhia strongly echoes “Enable the Able” which is the motto of her life and her organisations. Accepting yourself, as you are, and being okay with it, is key to living a healthy life. And sometimes we need help and guidance to do this. Her entrepreneurial venture, a social initiative in the field of Mental Healthcare, is there to provide this helping hand. Mental illness can make an appearance any stage of one’s life whether childhood, adolescence, adulthood or old age. It may be genetic or may develop after a trauma. The point is, it could happen to anyone and it should not make us a social pariah.
Terrestrial globes have long been used as a physical and tactile representation of our planet. They are considered an integral element of any geography class or, in numerous cases, a highly-regarded accessory of a study room and child’s bedroom. Whether labeled as scientific, decorative or historical, globes have marked the progress of our human civilization since their invention.Martin Behaim with his ErdapfelLong before that, even the Ancient Greeks represented the Earth as a spherical shape, while sometime before the 13th century, an early form of spherical map was designed in the Islamic world.However, none of these survived — only two-dimensional illustrations and text descriptions.History books and museums have revealed early versions of terrestrial globes that seem peculiar but fascinating, especially the oldest surviving of them all, known as the “Erdapfel” and colloquially dubbed as “the potato.”Projection of the Behaim Erdapfel, 1492.The oldest known globe in the world is an appealing artifact that “has got the beauty, but not the brains,” referring to its weak cartographic representations.The birth of the Erdapfel dates back to 1492. Its inventor was the polymath Martin Behaim, a popular German geographer, mariner, merchant, and philosopher, who was also an explorer in service to the King of Portugal.After Behaim finished his voyage around the “Known World,” visiting Portugal as well as the West Coast of Africa, he returned to his native city of Nuremberg.Behaim’s ErdapfelThere, between 1491 and 1493, as UCSB Geography explains, in collaboration with the painter Georg Albrecht Glockendon, he constructed his idea of the terrestrial globe which he called the Erdapfel.Reportedly, the project confirmed the idea of a globe which was previously envisioned by Pope Sixtus IV in 1475. Behaim upgraded the Pope’s idea by improving the meridians and the equatorial line.The ‘Erdapfel’ of Martin Behaim is the oldest surviving terrestrial globe. The Americas are not yet included. 1491-1493. Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg. Photo by Pirkheimer CC BY-SA 3.0The Erdapfel is made of two delicate halves joined around a wooden frame. The halves are constructed of linen strips wrapped around a clay ball and pulled away.Though Behaim is considered the father of this eminent project, there were many artisans and helpers behind the curtains.Hundreds of gorgeous miniature details cover the globe, displaying flags, saints, rulers, a variety of animals as well as boats and fictional creatures.Martin Behaim, eastern hemisphere of his globe made in Nuremberg in 1492. Illustration from ‘Geschichte des Seefahrers Ritter Martin Behaim’ by Friedrich Wilhlem Ghillany, 1853.The Behaim Globe can be described as having an apparent influence from Ptolemy’s representation of Africa and incorporates Marco Polo’s voyages as well as discoveries of the later Middle Ages.Nevertheless, it’s been noted that the globe had a number of geographic errors, for example, the representation of Western Africa, the position of the Cape Verde archipelago, as well as many non-existent islands that were invented for the ideological purposes of Medieval Christendom.The Behaim Globe (“Erdapfel”) in the Mercateum. Photo by Neitram CC BY-SA 4.0Moreover, as UCSB Geography reports, many places have up to 16° errors in the location, while modern maps hardly ever have more than 1°. The reason for this was the lack of accurate data regarding longitude.The Erdapfel is not only a rare piece of antiquity but was notably created on the eve of Christopher Columbus’ “discovery” of the Americas.“Index of the Facsimile of Behaim’s Globe, Showing the Arrangements of the Sheets”Behaim gave the globe to the Nuremberg City Council which held it until the 16th century. It was returned to the Behaim family who were quite indifferent and kept it in storage until the 19th century, when it was finally rediscovered.Until recently, the globe was preserved in the German National Museum in Nuremberg, the heart of the German Renaissance, on the same floor as Albrecht Dürer’s gallery. It has now been relocated to Vienna, as part of the Behaim Digital Globe Project where it is studied in high resolution.Read another story from us: Columbus’ Distorted Map of the World he used to Mistakenly Identify his DiscoveriesDespite the errors and the apparently different representations of our planet’s surface, the Erdapfel is a highly significant scientific work that provides an encyclopedic image of the Western interpretation of the world in 1492.
Clemson linebacker Ben Boulware is considered a tweener by NFL Draft experts, but if their was a draft for ruthless pranking, he would be the first overall pick.Boulware posted a video – date uncertain – of him preying on sleeping teammates on the team bus by cramming their open mouths with as many Sour Patch Kids as possible while they sleep.Setting aside the safety concerns for choking on the candy, the video is the funniest thing you’ll see all day. It’s definitely not a fraud.Here’s the video of Boulware flawlessly executing his championship pranking gameplan:The Clemson University Football Team. The official sponsors of @SourPatchKids pic.twitter.com/uymUkzOreH— Ben Boulware (@benboulware7) February 15, 2017
Randolph, 36, was taken into custody on felony charges of drug possession with intent to sell, police told CBS2. A second man, identified as Stanley Walton, was arrested on charges of being a felon in possession of a firearm.Randolph was booked at 4:23 a.m. Thursday in the Los Angeles County Jail, according to Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department inmate records. He was being held on $20,000 bail. He was still in custody as of 7 a.m.On the surface it doesn’t make sense why Randolph would be selling marijuana on the side, since he’s earned over $140 million in his career and just signed a two-year $26 million deal with the Kings this offseason. It’s even less clear what he was doing there in the first place.Randolph has yet to comment on the arrest.Here’s CBS LA’s report from the scene. Newly signed Sacramento Kings forward Zach Randolph was arrested early Thursday morning for felony possession of marijuana with intent to sell, after police responded to a call at the Nickerson Garden Housing Project in Watts in Los Angeles.The police that responded to the scene were attacked by the crowd that gathered, and police cruisers were overturned before authorities gained control of the situation. It’s yet unknown at what point Randolph was detained.CBSLA described the details of the arrest, and unrest:The incident began at around 10 p.m. near 112th Street and Zamora Avenue. Los Angeles police noticed a group of people gathering in the area. When officers responded, a mob formed and began to destroy police cruisers and throw objects at officers, prompting them to call for backup, police said. Advertisement