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Lack of Finance Hampers Women’s Participation in Politics

first_imgThe president of Liberia Rural Women, Ma-Annie Kruah, has attributed the lack of women’s participation in both local and national politics to the lack of finance by most women desirous of political offices.Ma Annie made the statement Tuesday, May 6, at the program making the official launched of the researched document by the Governance Commission (GC) and the Ministry of Gender & Development along with (UN Women ) held at the James Fromayan Conference Hall (NEC) on 9th Street Sinkor.Ma Annie said a major impediment to women’s participation in governance and politics at the local level is their limited access to financial resources.She noted that the costs of transport and childcare often hinder women from being able to attend planning meetings or serve in local government institutions.She said without financial means, women who contest elections are unable to print promotional materials and cover logistics costs such as transport reach voters in town and villages during campaign periods.“Analysis of women’s political participation in the 2011 elections conducted by MOGD and UNMIL describes how the campaigning for the elections was monetized, with constituents making demands on all candidates.According to the analysis, female candidates observed that a majority of them lost 92 out of 101 female contestants for the legislature because they did not have the money to splash out,” she said.She also mentioned that “No poor man or woman becomes a leader. Politics is about money. It helps you to get access to constituents, to get access to scattered villages, to provide refreshments when people attend rallies and meetings, to provide T-Shirts to supporters and to mobilize the youths,” she stressed.The president of the Liberia Rural Women also attributed one of the causes of low female participation in elections to low educational levels and high illiteracy amongst women.She said important efforts are being made to close the gender gap in school enrollment rates through Liberia’s universal primary education program and the enrolment ratio of girls to boys in the primary and secondary schools stand at 86 percent.“For both men and women, urban residents are better educated than rural residents. The low attendance and complete rates also correspond with high rates of illiteracy with only 26 percent of rural women being literate compeered with 61 percent in urban areas.High school drop-out rates have also been a key contributing factor to low levels of education and literacy among women and girls”, she explained.She continued by saying “ The causes for school incompletion include early ,marriage, where by women on average, marry five years earlier than men, high rates of teenage pregnancy (32 percent) and lack of sensitization about the benefits of formal education.The president said low educational and literacy levels constitute a major impediment to women’s participation in local governance.She said without education, women struggle to compete for jobs which place them at a disadvantage economically in terms of lacking the necessary resources to compete in local politics.“Women with low literacy also face challenges casting a vote in elections and participation in decision-making processes that are often dependent upon written documentation”During consultation with rural women in Grand Cape Mount County, women expressed the concern that without adequate support to develop their capacities, even basic skills such as literacy, they would be limited in fully participating in the new public spaces that will be opened through decentralization,” she said.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Juventus move ahead of Man United in race for £20m Belgian ace

first_img Axel Witsel 1 Juventus have moved ahead of Manchester United in the race for Axel Witsel after they made a £20m offer for the Belgian.The midfielder has impressed since moving to Zenit St Peterbsurg for £32.5m in 2012, sparking interest from several sides.Prior to moving to Russia, the 26-year-old had been on the radar of Manchester United and the Red Devils were expected to make a move again for him this summer.However, according to Sky Italia, Juventus have opened the bidding for Witsel.The Italian champions have already seen a £13m bid rejected by the Russian side, who are determined to keep hold of their man.Back in January, the midfielder expressed his desire to move on from Zenit and he is expected to leave this summer.Witsel told Bleacher Report: “I want to play in one of the top clubs in Europe one day. It’s true that I like the Premier League, because it is one of the best leagues in the world, for me, together with Germany and Spain.”last_img read more

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Conte set for Chelsea job THIS WEEK, plus Man United, City and Liverpool latest

first_img Transfer rumours and paper review 1 Here are the top transfer-related stories in Saturday’s newspapers…Italian manager Antonio Conte will finalise a deal to take over as Chelsea boss during a meeting with Roman Abramovich in Monte Carlo within the next week. (Daily Telegraph)Jose Mourinho wants to rip out Manchester United’s spine and rebuild the team if he is appointed manager at Old Trafford. According to a top Italy insider, the former Chelsea boss wants to sign a striker, defender and midfielder, with Raphael Varane and Zlatan Ibrahimovic linked. (The Sun)Pep Guardiola has shot down rumours that he wants to bring Manuel Neuer with him to Manchester City. (Daily Star)Chelsea have entered the race to sign Inter Milan striker Mauro Icardi. Premier League rivals Manchester United are also interested in the 23-year-old. (Tuttosport)Man United are planning to move for Real Madrid’s Germany international midfielder Toni Kroos in the summer. (Daily Mirror)The Red Devils will also try to lure Barcelona defender Marc Bartra to Old Trafford. (Daily Express)United boss Louis van Gaal is thought to be keen on Atletico Madrid midfielder Saul Niguez, but will have to compete with Arsenal for the 21-year-old’s signature. (AS)Home-grown Liverpool full-back Jon Flanagan is desperate to sign a new contract at Anfield so he can be a one-club man like Jamie Carragher. (Daily Star)Jurgen Klopp has opened the door for Liverpool winger Lazar Markovic, currently on loan at Fenerbahce, to return to Anfield in the summer. (Daily Star)The Reds have also been linked with a summer move for Malaga midfielder Ignacio Camacho. The 25-year-old could be available for around £4m. (Metro)Barcelona ace Lionel Messi is a long-term target for David Beckham’s MLS franchise in Miami. (Daily Mail)Lorenzo Insigne’s agent says the Napoli winger is wanted by a number of Premier League clubs. (Italian radio station CRC)Rafael Benitez could be in line for a surprise return to the Premier League to succeed Steve McClaren as manager of Newcastle. The former Liverpool and Chelsea boss has been out of work since he was sacked by Real Madrid earlier this season. (The Sun)And here are the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…??LISTEN: Lord Sugar and Piers Morgan face off on talkSPORT ahead of crunch Tottenham v Arsenal clash‘The time is now!’ – Tottenham legend Ledley King on Premier League title race ahead of north London derby with ArsenalTottenham Hotspur legend Ledley King: Dele Alli has been unbelievable and Mauricio Pochettino deserves creditJoe Cole tells talkSPORT: Marcus Rashford is something special… he could be England’s surprise package at Euro 2016‘Dimitri Payet is WORLD CLASS and West Ham haven’t had a player like him since Paolo Di Canio’, Joe Cole tells talkSPORT  Chelsea transfer news: Scouts sent to watch Paul Pogba as Blues step up interest in £70m-rated starLiverpool and Manchester United keen on Valencia’s Sofiane FeghouliManchester United ready to pay £18m for Atletico Madrid star Saul NiguezCarlos Bacca’s agent plays down Chelsea and Liverpool transfer linkslast_img read more

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RECEIVER APPOINTED TO DONEGAL PROPERTY COMPANY

first_imgA RECEIVER has been appointed to another Donegal property company.Tom Kavanagh from kavanaghfennell was appointed receiver and manager of McGinley House Construction, based at Moyle, Newtowncunningham. RECEIVER APPOINTED TO DONEGAL PROPERTY COMPANY was last modified: June 23rd, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:mcginley house construction bustlast_img read more

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DONEGAL MUM SAYS IRISH GOVERNMENT HAS DONE NOTHING TO EXPLAIN HER DAUGHTER’S DEATH

first_imgA mother has said the Irish Government has done nothing to help her to discover the circumstances surrounding her daughter’s tragic death.The late Joyce Campbell who was killed in Ethiopia.Aid worker Joyce Campbell died when she was involved in a tragic car crash in Ethiopia in 2005. An inquest into Ms Campbell’s death was adjourned for the 11th time yesterday at Letterkenny Coroner’s Court.Coroner John Cannon said that Ethiopian police were not co-operating with Interpol, who had been instructed to investigate the death.However, solicitor for the Campbell family, Frank Dorrian, said dialogue was ongoing, and the case was adjourned until November 6th next.Speaking after the latest court appearance, Irene Campbell said her family were not pleased at all at how the Irish Government had acted.“Here we are nine years and 11 adjournments later and we still do not know the circumstances of Joyce’s death. We are not at all satisfied with the Irish Government’s role into the investigation into what happened,” she said.Ms Campbell, from Meenmore, Dungloe, had just celebrated her 25th birthday when she died while working for the Vincentian Lay Missioners.She was only in Ethiopia for three weeks as part of a four month stay when the tragedy happened.Two other Irishmen in the car were also injured in the crash in Welyta, about nine hours north of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on August 8th.She was a graduate of Development, Health and Disaster Management and she also had a Masters in Humanitarian Assistance.The dead woman’s father Paddy died two years ago, still not knowing what had happened to his youngest child.Mrs Campbell revealed she did not even have a death certificate for her daughter but just a piece of paper from the Ethiopian authorities.She said she does not believe there was anything suspicious about the manner of her daughter’s death.“I accept it was an accident. I’m told a herd of goats came out onto the road and Joyce died as a result of her injuries when the land cruiser in which she was traveling crashed,” she said.However, the family have been left with several unanswered questions about their daughter’s death.Two other Irish aid workers in the vehicle have given completely conflicting reports about Joyce’s death.One of the men has said she died instantly while another claims she was put into a truck and driven to hospital and did not die until 18 hours later.Both of these men had later to receive surgery for injuries they sustained in the horrific crash.Mrs Campbell said the only assistance given to them by the Irish Government was a request by then Minister For Foreign Affairs Dermot Ahern.“All this did however was to instruct two priests connected to the Vincentian Lay Missioners to look into Joyce’s death.“They lived six hours from the scene and this has done nothing to further our case or to get any more answers.“What we need are full statements from the Ethiopian police, the driver of the land cruiser and all connected to the case but we have nothing at the moment.“The Irish Government can put the pressure on these authorities but that is simply not being done for whatever reason,” she added.Irene added that her daughter was a “good person” who wanted to help others.“She knew she was privileged – she had a good education and she came from a good background.“She was very grounded and she was just a good person. She just wanted to help others,” she said.DONEGAL MUM SAYS IRISH GOVERNMENT HAS DONE NOTHING TO EXPLAIN HER DAUGHTER’S DEATH was last modified: September 5th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:aid workercar crashdeathdungloeETHIOPIAJoyce Campbelllast_img read more

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GOLF NEWS: ROSAPENNA CLUB NOTES

first_imgThe Pavilion Golf Shop sponsored Leitrim Cup took place over the Bank Holiday weekend over the Sandy Hills Links.On Saturday the 4th the qualifying was won by Pete McBride Jnr 10 with 42 pts bot, runner up was Patrick Doherty 17 with 42 pts. The gross winner was Enda Kennedy +1 with 36 gross pts. Third place was Kieran Logue 10 with 41 pts.On Sunday the 5th the qualifying was won by Brendan Roache 13 with 41 pts. Runner up was Con Boyce 5 with 37pts. The gross winner was Mick Gallagher Jnr 7 with 30 gross pts. Third place was Michael Brown 8 with 36 pts.The matchplay stages began at 8.30am on Monday morning with the quarter finals over the front nine of the Sandy Hills Links. The results were as follows:Pete McBride beat Con Boyce,Mick Gallagher Jnr beat Kieran Logue, Brendan Roache beat Enda Kennedy andMichael Brown beat Patrick Doherty.The semi finals then took place over the back nine of the Sandy Hills Links withMichael Brown beating Brendan Roache and Pete McBride Jnr beating Mick Gallagher Jnr.The final began at 3.00pm in glorious sunshine compared to the overcast morning. In a tight contest it was young Pete who had the upper hand throughout most of the match and was one up playing the 12th when he then won three holes in a row to go four up with four holes to play. Michael made a good Par on the 15th to win the hole to take the match down the Par 3 16th. Michael was up first and missed the green left and Pete proceeded to hit the green with his ball finishing around 12 feet behind the hole from where he would two putt to win the 2012 Leitrim Cup 3&2.Good luck to the Rosapenna Irish Mixed Foursomes team who will take part in the Ulster Semi final against Carnalea Golf Club at Killymoon G.C this Friday the 10th of August at 5.15pm. Travelling support would be welcome.Well done to our Senior Scratch Matchplay team who beat Portsalon Golf Club 6-1 at home over the Old Tom Morris Links in the first leg of the county semi final.The return leg will take place this Saturday the 11th of August at Portsalon with the first match out at 4.30pm. Travelling support would be welcome.The Rosapenna Open Week begins this Friday the 10th of August with competitions for Ladies & Gents running until Sunday the 19th of August.The entry fee is 10e R/P Member, 20e D/L club memberand 30e for Visitors. GUI cards required. No max h’cap.Booking is now available on 074-915-5000.The British Open Sweepstake in aid of the Ladies Branch of the Golf Club was won by Terri McBride (Ernie Els) and the runner up was Oisin Boyce (Adam Scott).Well done to Anne McKeague who organised this fundraiser for the club.Many thanks to the members who supported the draw from the Ladies Branch.The draw for the 2012 Ulster Senior Cup Semi Final has been made withRosapenna facing Warrenpoint (8.35am) and Dunmurry playing Moyola Park (7.45am).The semi final (am) and final (pm) will both take place at Portstewart Golf Clubon Sunday the 19th of August.The Pavilion Restaurant is open fromThursday 9th – Sunday 19th of Augustwith our new menu served from 5.00-8.00pm.Contact 074-915-5000 for reservations.PGA Professional Noel Callan is available for lessons at the Rosapenna Practice Groundby appointment, all enquires can be made by contacting Noel directly on 0044-7789-157654.The Practice Ground is open seven days with the ball dispenser in operation and new super range golf balls in use.GOLF NEWS: ROSAPENNA CLUB NOTES was last modified: August 7th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Rosapenna Golf club noteslast_img read more

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GAA NEWS: GAEIL FHÁNADA EARN COMPREHENSIVE VICTORY OVER TERMON

first_imgGaeil Fhánada GAA News: Lotto results.Numbers drawn. 1.4.5.8.13. Bonus 3. No jackpot winner. €100 winner Kathleen Gallagher, Fanavolty. €50 winner Danny Shiels, Ballywhoriskey. Next week’s jackpot €5250. Máire, Sinead & Lisa on duty.Anyone available to help raise funds / help to sell tickets for pitch development of Páirc Uí Shiail, Portsalon please contact Fiona 085-1555645, Brendan or any committee member. All help gratefully appreciated. If you don’t like selling, we also need people who will drive on particular evenings. If you can give us one or two days/evenings of your time in the next couple of months please give us a shout.Gaeil Fhánada Seniors & Reserves Gaeil Fhánada Reserves 0:11 v An Tearmain 1:07Seamus McAteer, Shaun Coyle, Odhran Shiels, Martin McGrory, Kevin McGonigle, Colm McGonigle, Joe Blaney 0:01, Eamon Sweeney, Mark McConigley, Conor McFadden, Shaun McGovern 0:01, Eamon Carr, Eoghan Carr 0:05, Rudi Feenstra, Brendan Friel 0:01, Brendan Callaghan, Tiernan Cushnan, Patrick Friel, Declan Coyle, Conor McConigley.Gaeil Fhánada Seniors 2:11 v An Tearmain 0:05Gaeil Fhánada started brightly with three unanswered points from Seimi Coshia and Seami Nanny Friel, before Termon settled and the boot of Daire mcDaid kept them in touch for the half.Fergal Friel and Seami Nanny Friel pointed again for Gaeil Fhánada but a Christy Conaghan point kept Termon in touch at 0:05 to 0:04 at half time.Another McDaid free opened the scoring in the second half levelling the game but as the wind grew stronger Gaeil Fhánada played a smart game scoring several points from the fists of Niall Carr, Seami Nanny Friel, as well as a well taken goal on the ground by Brian McVeigh helped our boys get ahead. Termon had a lot of second half possession but failed to make it count and Gaeil Fhánada defended well to soak up the pressure and a second late goal from Ryan McGonigle helped seal their victory.Gaeil Fhánada : Paul O’Connor, Conor McGonigle, Paddy Heraghty, Fergal Una Friel (0:01), Ryan McGonagle(1-0), Cathal Martin, Mark Friel, Kevin McElwaine, Michael Sweeney, Johnny ‘Nanny’ Friel, Seami ‘Nanny’ Friel (0-5,1f), Brian McVeigh(1-0), Niall Carr(0-2), Sean McElwaine(0-1f), Seimi ‘Cosha’ Friel(0-1).Subs: Ronan McAteer for J Friel, Paul Coyle for Mark Friel, Eoghan Carr for Niall Carr, Odhran Shiels, Brendan Friel, Shaun McGovern.Termon:Michael Boyle, Fintan O’Flynn, Declan O’Donnell, Daire McDaid(0-4,3fs), Kevin McDaid, Aidan Sweeney, Kevin McElwaine, Johnny McCafferty, Christy Connaghan (0-1), Stephen McElwaine, Jamie Gallagher, Ricky Gallagher,Anthony McGrenera, Trevor Alcorn. Subs: Kevin McMenamin for T Alcorn 38min, James McSharry for C Connaghan 43min.Division 2 Round 7Realt na Mara G.F.C v Gaeil FhánadaAway in Gaelic Park, Bundoran @ 3:00 PM. Referee: Seamus Mc GonagleRealt na Mara G.F.C v Gaeil Fhánada@ 1:30 PM. Referee: Niall Mc CreadyComórtas Peile na Gaeltachta Junior FinalD’imir ár Mná Sinsir v Naomh Naille De Luain seo caite ach ní raibh an t-ádh leo.The Ladies had their first defeat of the season last Monday against a very strong Naomh Naille in the Comórtas Peile na Gaeltachta junior final.The ladies next game is in a couple of weeks against Convoy B.Gaeil Fhánada Bord na nÓgU8s & U10sTRAINING in Rabs Park, Kerrykeel every Friday evening @6pm sharp. Don’t forget your gumshields and bring your own water bottle, new players always welcome.Gaeil Fhánada’s main ground in Portsalon is closed for 2015 due to development of a new playing surface. Thanks to the KPD committee for the use of their ground for the months of April and May.Coaches are Lisa McConigley, Benny Callaghan, Martin McAteer, Odhran Shiels, Brian McBride, Aidan McAteer, and Seamus mc ateer.Anyone wishing to help with any underage team contact Martin McAteer @ 9163472.U12sOur U12s play away to Gweedore next Wednesday 13th May.Training on Tria lough every Wednesday evening @ 6.30pm sharpFor further info contact Patrick Heraghty @ 0872719182.U14 TrainingContinues every Thursday @ 6pm in Trialough. U14 Manager for the season ahead is Paul ‘Dougie’ Coyle. His contact number is 0877963433.Go Raibh Maith Agaibh Go Léir!A massive thanks to everyone who took part in our sponsored walk from Kerrykeel to Rossnakill on Good Friday morning. A big crowd of parents and children turned out on a bitterly cold morning. Thanks to all the ladies who served the refreshments in Rossnakill afterwards and to all the stewards with their cars on the way down and especially Danny from the Milford Garda station. Thanks to Michael Doherty, our club photographer for all the photos he took on the way down. Thanks to everyone who helped out in any way for this family event and congratulations to all the prize winners in the draw, organised by Bridie in the hall afterwards. TOTAL AMOUNT RAISED WAS 943.50. Thanks again to everyone who supported this fundraiser.Congratulations and best wishes from everyone in the club to Eoghan Carr and Odhran Shiels who are part of the Donegal U17 panel for the season ahead.Gaeil Fhánada Health & Wellbeing are running a Sports First Aid course on the 27th and 28th of May. It will be over 2 evenings lasting about 3 hours each evening.To book a place for the course contact Sinéad Callaghan either on facebook or phone her at 086 8432840.Match Day Passes & Club Donegal Polo ShirtsLast call for Match Day passes, contact Fiona Shiels to purchase.Also limited Club Donegal Polo Shirts for sale, if interested please contact Fiona with your size etc. a.s.a.p. as there is only a limited amount made.VHI Cúl CampGaeil Fhánada C.L.G. will once again host a Cúl Camp from July 14th to 19th. Bookings can be made online at www.kelloggsculcamps.gaa.ie or you can contact Fiona Shiels if you would like to pay by instalment.GAA NEWS: GAEIL FHÁNADA EARN COMPREHENSIVE VICTORY OVER TERMON was last modified: May 5th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:fanad gaelsGAANoticesSportlast_img read more

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GAA NEWS: ST EUNAN’S ADD TWO MORE COUNTY TITLES AT MINOR LEVEL

first_imgThe Senior footballers take on St.Michael’s on Saturday evening in the County semi final at MacCumhaill Park, throwing in at 7.30pm.Another hugely successful weekend on the pitch as two more County titles made their way back to Letterkenny courtesy of our Minor Football teams.  The girls defeated Naomh Mhuire 6-05 to 0-03 to clinch the (c) title followed by the boys defeat of Naomh Conaill by 3-06 to 0-12 in the Div.1 Co. final.  Congratulations to the players and management from both teams on this historic achievement.The Junior footballers defeated MacCumhaill’s in their championship semi final, winning 2-08 to 1-07 with Michael Moreton and Matthew McColgan netting the vital goals. The U-16 Hurlers also recorded a brilliant victory over Burt in their championship semi final and they will now face Buncrana in the county final at Burt this Thursday, throw in 5.45pm.  Best of luck to the players and management.The U-16 boys football team will play Buncrana this weekend in the Northern championship semi-final, details tbc.Good luck to our U-14 girls football team who travel to Kilmacud, Dublin for the 7’s tournament on Saturday.The U-13 girls football team are home to Downings this Thursday evening at 6pm. The U-13 boys football team defeated Buncrana 0-15 to 2-03 and will be home to St. Michael’s this Sunday at 11.45am.  The Dev. team had a fine 1-11 to 0-10 win over Convoy and travel to Glenfin this Sunday, throw in also 11.45am.Best of luck to former club players, and current Dunedin Connolly’s (Edinburgh) members Jonathan Foley, coach/mentor, and players Angie Callaghan and Niamh Morrison. All three are involved with the Scotland team who face Louth in the ladies All Ireland final this Sunday at 11:45am at Croke Park, live on Tg4.Anyone interested in taking part in Scór na nÓg should contact the club Cultural Officer, Fergus McGee. Phone: 086 85 44445 or by e-mail to fermcgee@gmail.com Full details on the Club website and Facebook page.The Hurling Academy continues on Fridays at 6.30pm while the Century Cinemas Football Academy is on Sundays at 11am.  New members are always welcome to both academies.  For more information, please contact Ciaran Maguire, 087 4133372, Eugene Duffy, 086 8430240 or Eunan O’Donnell 087 6775637.The St. Eunan’s ‘Come Dine with Me’ will take place on Halloween night, Sat. 31st October.  Full details will be circulated by club email shortly and also available on the Club Facebook page.  A great evening’s entertainment is promised in what is always a great social occasion for our Club.The Clubhouse at O’Donnell Park is now available to book for parties, functions, etc.  Contact Niall on 086-3062893 for further information/bookings.Sincere sympathy is extended to Brendan Kilcoyne and family on the death of his mother, Betty and to Donnan Harvey and family on the death of Mr.James Harvey, Birmingham, England. This week’s lotto numbers will be issued by club email and posted on Facebook as soon as available.GAA NEWS: ST EUNAN’S ADD TWO MORE COUNTY TITLES AT MINOR LEVEL was last modified: September 22nd, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GAASportlast_img read more

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Tuesday’s Chelsea quiz

first_imgTest your knowledge of Chelsea defenders past and present by seeing how many of these five questions you can answer correctly.[wp-simple-survey-24] 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Technology on a tiny scale

first_imgA view down the middle of a boronnitride nanotube.(Image: ©Vin Crespi, Penn State Physics.Distributed under theCreative Commons license) The scanning probe microscope is one.of the instruments used in nanotechnology.This one is a Dimension 3100 model. .(Image: Veeco Digital Instruments)Janine ErasmusSouth Africa’s first two nanotechnology centres are up and running at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Pretoria and the national mineral research organisation Mintek in Johannesburg – both are parastatal organisations.These centres provide a dedicated environment to explore innovation in the field of nanotechnology, which falls under the branch of science that deals with the properties and behaviours of materials at the nano level. A nanometre (nm) is one millionth of a millimetre – an average piece of paper is about 100 000 nanometres thick.The national Department of Science and Technology (DST) is one of the major stakeholders in this initiative through its National Nanotechnology Strategy, which was launched in 2006 at Mintek. The DST believes that nanotechnology has the potential to make energy use more efficient, help protect the environment by reducing waste and harmful emissions, and solve major health problems, among other advantages.“South Africa as a developing nation has a lot to benefit from the development of nanotechnology,” said Minister of Science and Technology Mosibudi Mangena at the opening of the two centres. “We must, therefore, create an environment that is conducive to harnessing the potential benefits of this promising field of science.”Some of the areas of research that are currently being addressed at the centres include low-cost filters for clean drinking water; the development of accurate and sensitive medical devices for early disease detection; effective diagnosis and treatment of diseases through new drugs; and clean, secure and affordable energy.Innovation in a fast-growing fieldThe National Centre for Nano-structured Materials is located at the CSIR. Research here focuses on the design, modelling and synthesis of nanomaterials for use in various applications such as solar cells, printed electronic devices, medical sensors and optical devices. These materials include carbon nanotubes and silicon nanoparticles. The CSIR research group collaborates with units and centres elsewhere in the CSIR, universities, science councils, the private and public sector and international research institutions.The DST/Mintek Nanotechnology Innovation Centre has three initial focus areas: sensor (for early disease and toxin detection); biolabel (the addition of a marker or label, which can subsequently be detected, to a biological sample); and water nanotechnology. The latter will use nanostructured materials with highly active surfaces to trap or destroy pollutants, or to detect minute quantities of pollutants in water.As early as 2006 Mintek installed a scanning probe microscope for nanoscience and nanotechnology research in South Africa. The instrument cost R4.5-million and was funded by the DST.The three focus areas fall under the supervision of three different academic institutions that form part of the Mintek consortium: Rhodes University, which will perform tests on a device for the early detection of disease and toxins; the University of the Western Cape, which will focus on the destruction of pathogens and diseased cells; and the University of Johannesburg, which will look for solutions to remove water-borne pathogens.The other members of the Mintek consortium are the Medical Research Council, the Water Research Commission, and the DST.Both centres also place great importance on the training and development of young scientists who will escalate South Africa’s participation in the field of nanoscience.Already overseas parties are showing interest in South Africa’s nanotechnology programme. In March 2008 the CSIR’s nanotechnology centre hosted a delegation led by member of the British House of Parliament, Claire Curtis-Thomas. The visit took place at the request of the British High Commission in South Africa. Science and innovation attaché Thabisa Mbungwana was among the visitors.South Africa a potential global leader in the fieldSouth Africa has the potential to become a global pioneer in this field, says the DST, because it has already recorded a number of significant achievements to date. These include inexpensive solar cells for renewable energy; the development of nanomembrane technology for water purification, which will reduce exposure to water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid; as well as fuel cell development as an alternative to the problem of fossil fuel consumption.In order to stay abreast of developments in nanotechnology and remain competitive, the DST’s strategy aims to develop an environment that encourages effective research and provides for the transformation of good ideas into products that offer value both socially and economically. At the same time South Africa’s intellectual property in this field must be protected.The DST has set aside R450-million for this initiative, to be allocated over a three-year period.Development is also taking place on an international level. India and Brazil are collaborating with South Africa in nanotechnology research, under the trilateral IBSA agreement. The IBSA nanotechnology initiative has been established to formulate collaborative programmes of mutual interest in the areas of energy, health, water treatment, agriculture and environment.What is nanotechnology?In general the nanoscale includes anything measuring between 1 and 100 nm – this scale lies between the microscale above it, and the atomic scale below it. At this level materials can’t be seen with even a light microscope – special equipment must be used to observe them.Nanotechnology involves the manipulation in useful ways of materials on the nanoscale, since materials can have different properties at this level than they do on a normal scale. They may be stronger, conduct electricity more efficiently, have different magnetic properties, or reflect light better. As such nanotechnology potentially holds the key to new materials with undiscovered properties.It is the task of Mintek and the CSIR to establish these properties in the materials they study and develop applications for them that will improve the lives of South Africans.Nanotechnology is a fairly new branch of science. In 1986, MIT engineer K Eric Drexler, regarded by many as the father of nanotechnology, published his first book, Engines of Creation, which introduced the term nanotechnology to the world at large. Even before then, however, the eminent physicist Richard Feynman said in 1959 that “we can arrange atoms the way we want: the very atoms, all the way down!”There are numerous real-life applications for nanotechnology, many of which are in use. Modern computer hard drives use giant magnetoresistive (GMR) read heads that, through nano-thin layers of magnetic materials, allow for enhanced performance and greater storage capacity. Other electronic applications include automotive sensors and landmine detectors.Already the nanostructure of the leaf of the aquatic lotus flower has been replicated, resulting in the creation of water-repellent surfaces for stain-proof clothing. Scientists are now trying to replicate the silk of the spider, which is immensely strong and flexible and naturally reinforced by nano-crystals.More nanotechnology-based applications currently available include burn and wound dressings, catalytic converters for cars, sunscreens, more durable tennis balls, glare-reduction coatings for glasses and windows, and dental bonding agents.The future holds the promise of improved solar cells, car tyres with longer wear and better skid resistance, and implantable drug delivery devices. In medicine, drugs that don’t dissolve in water could be administered through nanoparticles that travel in the blood. Gold on the macro level is inert to light, but on the nano level it absorbs light and can turn that light into heat – enough to kill unwanted cells in the body, such as cancer cells.Related storiesScience and technology in South Africa Useful linksDepartment of Science and TechnologyCouncil for Scientific and Industrial ResearchMintekDST/Mintek Nanotechnogy Innovation CentreIBSAWorld Nano-Economic Congress, South Africa 2007National Nanotechnology InitiativeNanotechnology NowHow Stuff Works – NanotechnologyScience in AfricaSciDevlast_img read more

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